In this Research Note, we examine the HVAC and Fire & Security business of Carrier, based on their 2022 10K Report, investor presentations and building technology-related digital business throughout 2022.
Carrier Global Corporation is a global provider of healthy, safe, sustainable and intelligent building and cold chain solutions with a focus on providing differentiated, digitally-enabled lifecycle solutions. Their portfolio includes brands such as Carrier, Toshiba and Automated Logic in their HVAC and building automation business and Kidde, Edwards and LenelS2 in their fire and security business. They also provide a broad array of related building services, including audit, design, installation, system integration, repair, maintenance and monitoring.
Carrier's full-year 2022 sales of $20.4 billion decreased 1% compared to the prior year including organic sales growth of 8%, a 3% headwind from currency translation and a 6% net negative impact from acquisitions and divestitures. GAAP operating profit of $4.5 billion increased 71% and adjusted operating profit increased 3% to $2.9 billion. Adjusted operating profit increased despite lower reported sales due to the Chubb divestiture and persistent supply chain challenges.
Their operations are classified into three segments: HVAC, Refrigeration and Fire & Security.
Carrier HVAC Segment
For the year ended December 31, 2022, net sales in the HVAC segment were $13.4 billion, an 18% increase compared with the same period of 2021. The organic increase in net sales of 12% was driven by continued strong results across each of the segment's businesses. Increased sales in their Commercial HVAC business (up 9%) benefited from pricing improvements and ongoing customer demand in our end markets. The business saw growth in North America and Asia while growth in Europe was tempered by current economic conditions and inflationary cost pressures which impacted end-market demand.
On August 1, 2022, the Commercial HVAC business acquired a majority ownership interest in TCC, a VRF and light commercial HVAC joint venture between Carrier and Toshiba Corporation. The transaction added 7% to net sales.
Carrier Fire & Security Segment
For the year ended December 31, 2022, net sales in the Fire & Security segment were $3.6 billion, a 35% decrease compared with the same period of 2021, mainly due to the divestment of Chubb Fire & Security. The organic increase in net sales of 5% was primarily driven by pricing improvements compared with the prior year. The segment primarily saw growth in both residential and commercial sales in the Americas and Europe as sales in China decreased as a result of current economic conditions and reduced end-market demand.
On January 3, 2022, Carrier completed the Chubb Fire & Security sale for net proceeds of $2.9 billion and recognized a gain on the sale of $1.1 billion in 2022.
Aftermarket and Digital Business
One of the pillars of growth for Carrier is to grow its aftermarket and digital business. Their strategy is focused on digital capabilities to drive the evolution of their hardware in order to enable cloud connectivity, modernize legacy software and launch new platforms, products and services. They expect that these solutions will increase their total available market opportunity, enhance their predictive service and maintenance capabilities, strengthen their customer intimacy as well as fuel their aftermarket growth.
Abound is a cloud-based building platform that unlocks and unites building data to create more healthy, safe, sustainable and intelligent solutions for indoor spaces. It gathers data from disparate systems, sensors and sources; identifies opportunities to optimize performance; and works with healthy building solutions to improve occupant experiences.
The Abound platform now monitors over 1 billion square feet, and Carrier recently onboarded over 100 commercial office sites for a key large-scale customer. They have recently released Abound Net Zero Management, a digitally-enabled lifecycle sustainability Solution which provides customers with an easy way to view, track and analyze energy usage and emissions data across their global footprint and proactively identify conservation measures.
In October 2022, Carrier launched Abound Predictive Insights to reduce downtime and extend the life of building equipment. Abound Predictive Insights connects to HVAC and building automation assets through any BACnet-enabled building automation system (BAS), including Carrier’s i-Vu and Automated Logic’s WebCTRL systems. HVAC assets of all types are supported, from chillers to rooftop units, air handlers to variable air volume boxes, unit heaters, heat pumps, fan coil units and air conditioners. Supported building assets include refrigerated cases and walk-in freezers. Supported building automation assets include BAS servers, controllers and routers.
Further details of Carrier’s strategic priorities can be found in our previous article, Mapping the Strategic Direction of Carrier in the Smart Buildings Space.